We believe in Jesus Christ, the Second Person of the Triune Godhead; that He was eternally one with the Father; that He became incarnate by the Holy Spirit and was born of the Virgin Mary, so that two whole and perfect natures, that is to say the Godhead and manhood, are thus united in one Person, very God and very man, the God-man. We believe that Jesus Christ died for our sins, and that He truly arose from the dead and took again His body, together with all things appertaining to the perfection of man’s nature, wherewith He ascended into heaven and is there engaged in intercession for us.
Once again, this Article is one that few people visiting our church would find a place of disagreement. However, I want to take a closer look at it so that, if someone were to ask you specific questions about Jesus Christ, you would be able to point them to specific scriptures that give evidence to His divinity and His nature and can show them why we believe what we believe.
I am reminded of a conversation that I once had with a person, that happened to be Jewish. It was during the Christmas season. The man, said “what is the big deal about Jesus. It’s not like He was God or something, also the Cross happens to be an idol!”
You see, there are people in and around all of us that, for one reason or another, have chosen not to take a closer look into the life and person of Jesus Christ. They have likely heard something about Him, but have never truly understood the Gospel’s message.
Chapter 5: Jesus Christ
“Yes, of course I believe in Jesus Christ,” said my new friend. “He was a great prophet, a man sent from God who gave us many teachings that we should follow.”
“That’s wonderful.” I replied, “but it’s not enough. You must not only believe that he was a great prophet, but that He is God. You must know Him as divine, as a Savior.”
This was difficult for my friend to accept. He had learned some things about Jesus but had never established communion with Him through reading His Word or through prayer. It was hard for him to believe that all men are sinners (as we studied in Lesson 4), or that there is an escape from sin.
He asked me many questions that day. Who is Jesus? How can He be human and divine at the same time? If He died, why do Christians say He is living? What is He doing now?
The best answers that I could find were in the Bible, the Word of God. In this lesson we will look at those same questions and find the answers that my friend wanted to know.
In this lesson you will study …
This lesson will help you explain who Jesus is and understand the purpose of His first coming and His future return.
Objective 1. Recognize biblical descriptions of Jesus.
Jesus Christ is the visible manifestation of God to man. He chose to become like men so that we would be able to understand Him better and learn His plan of salvation for us. This choosing to become like a man meant that Jesus would have two natures in One Person, both human and divine. Romans 1:3-4 says:
It is about his Son, our Lord Jesus Christ: as to his humanity, he was born a descendant of David; as to his divine holiness, he was shown with great power to be the Son of God by being raised from death.
To have a human nature, Jesus was born of a virgin named Mary.
The angel said to her, “Don’t be afraid, Mary; God has been gracious to you. You will become pregnant and give birth to a son, and you will name him Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High God. The Lord God will make him a king, as his ancestor David was, and he will be the king of the descendants of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end!” (Luke 1:30-33).
The Word became a human being and, full of grace and truth, lived among us. We saw his glory, the glory which he received as the Father’s only Son (John 1:14).
Who is this Father mentioned in John 1:14? God is the Father of Jesus. Second Peter 1:17 tells us,
He was given honor and glory by God the Father, when the voice came to him from the Supreme Glory, saying, “This is my own dear Son, with whom I am well pleased!”
The name “Jesus Christ” also tells us of His divinity. When the angel said that the baby’s name would be Jesus, it was for a very special reason. Jesus (יְשׁוּעָה Yeshua) means Savior. Matthew 1:21 says, “She will have a son, and you will name him Jesus-because he will save his people from their sins.”
The name Christ has a special meaning too (המשיח Ha’Mashiach). It means “the anointed one” or “the Messiah.” Many years ago when a man was chosen to be king, oil was poured over his head as part of the ceremony. This pouring on of oil was called “anointing.” To call the Lord “Christ” or “the anointed one” meant that He was royalty. Messiah was the name the Jews gave to the king and deliverer for whom they waited. Simon Peter recognized Him as king and said, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God” (Matthew 16:16).
Objective 2. Identify statements showing why Jesus died on the cross and what He is doing today.
Jesus came into the world to save man from sin. Luke 19:10 says, “The Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.” There was only one way He could save us-by giving His life. “The Son of man … did not come to be served, but to serve and to give his life to redeem many people” (Mark 10:45).
Redeem means to set free, rescue, save, or deliver. This is a wonderful promise to all mankind. But why did Jesus have to die to redeem us? If we remember the story of Adam and Eve, we will recall that God had told them that sin is followed by death. God cannot go against His own judgment against sin. If there is sin, someone has to die. So Jesus Christ came to die in the sinner’s place. No one else could do it because He was the only one who could conquer death.
Yet it was not easy-even for our Lord. He, Who had been sitting on His throne with angels to carry out every command, Who created heavens and earth and man, became a servant. He permitted His creation to hurt Him, despise Him, and crucify Him on the cross of Calvary that they might be saved. In I Peter 1:18-19 we read:
You know what was paid to set you free … It was not something that can be destroyed, such as silver or gold; it was the costly sacrifice of Christ, who was like a lamb without defect or flaw.
Are all men now saved since Jesus died for them? No, God never took away the privilege of choice. Each man still has to make his own decision. He has to accept Jesus as his personal Savior. Jesus said to His followers:
Go throughout the whole world and preach the gospel to all mankind. Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved; whoever does not believe will be condemned (Mark 16:15-16).
For God loved the world so much that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not die but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to be its judge, but to be its savior. Whoever believes in the Son is not judged; but whoever does not believe has already been judged, because he has not believed in God’s only Son (John 3:16-18).
Jesus died for us. There would have been no hope of salvation for man, however, if He had remained in the grave.
Many religions have built shrines at the tombs of their leaders. Inside are the revered bones of their dead. But the tomb of Jesus is empty because of the miracle that took place three days after His crucifixion. Jesus rose from the dead and was seen many times after his resurrection.
That he was buried and that he was raised to life three days later, as written in the Scriptures; that he appeared to Peter and then to all twelve apostles. Then he appeared to more than five hundred of his followers at once, most of whom are still alive, although some have died. Then he appeared to James, and afterward to all the apostles (I Corinthians 15:4-7).
Jesus’ resurrection is one evidence that points to His being the Son of God. Romans 1:4 says, “He (Jesus Christ) was shown with great power to be the Son of God by being raised from death.”
After he showed Himself to many people and spoke words of encouragement to them, he ascended into heaven. This, also, was no secret because he ascended while His disciples were watching.
Then he led them out of the city as far as Bethany, where he raised his hands and blessed them. As he was blessing them, he departed from them and was taken up into heaven (Luke 24:50-51).
What is Jesus doing now? When He ascended He took His rightful place at the right hand of His Father. He talks to His Father about our needs. Let’s look at three verses that tell what He is doing now.
“We have such a High Priest, who sits at the right of the throne of the Divine Majesty in heaven” (Hebrews 8:1).
“If anyone does sin, we have someone who pleads with the Father on our behalf-Jesus Christ, the righteous one” (I John 2:1).
“And so he is able, now and always, to save those who come to God through him, because he lives forever to plead with God for them” (Hebrews 7:25).
How wonderful that the costly price has been paid for our redemption! After dying on the cross, rising from the grave, and ascending to be with His Father, He does not forget us. He is interested in us every day and wants to help us whenever we will allow Him to do so.
Objective 3. State at least five events that will take place at the time of Jesus’ return.
Jesus Christ will come back to earth again. No one knows the exact time of His Second Coming but many today feel it is near. While there is a lack of clarity on just when He will return, the great hope of Christians is that He would “come quickly.” The Greek word often used in the New Testament for “come quickly” is “maranatha.”
Believers look forward to Jesus’ Second Coming because it will be a time when we will be with Him and receive our eternal rewards. Acts 1:11 says, “This Jesus who was taken up from you into heaven, will come back in the same way that you saw him go to heaven:” 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 also states:
There will be the shout of command, the archangel’s voice, the sound of God’s trumpet, and the Lord himself will come down from heaven. Those who have died believing in Christ will rise to life first; then we who are living at that time will be gathered up along with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will always be with the Lord.
We will learn more about Jesus’ Second Coming and other future events when we study lesson 10.
Test your knowledge by taking this short quiz which covers what you just read on this topic and some Bible verses. Click on the correct answer(s). Good luck.
1. Read Philippians 2:7. Then select one description that best matches this Scripture’s description of Jesus.
a) God is His Father.
b) He was born of a woman.
c) He is the Savior.
d) He became like us.
e) He is divine and has the nature of God.
2. Read John 10:17. Then select one description that best matches this Scripture’s description of Jesus.
a) God is His Father.
b) He was born of a woman.
c) He is the Savior.
d) He became like us.
e) He is divine and has the nature of God.
3. Read Philippians 2:6. Then select one description that best matches this Scripture’s description of Jesus.
a) God is His Father
b) He was born of a woman
c) He is the Savior
d) He became like us
e) He is divine and has the nature of God
4. Read Galatians 4:4. Then select one description that best matches this Scripture’s description of Jesus.
a) He was born of a woman
b) God is his Father
c) He is divine and has the nature of God
d) He is the Savior
e) He became like us
5. Read Acts 4:12. Then select one description that best matches this Scripture’s description of Jesus.
a) He became like us
b) He is the Savior
c) He was born of a woman
d) He is divine and has the nature of God
e) God is His Father
6. Check each TRUE completion for the following statement. Jesus Christ died on the cross to…
a) redeem us.
b) take our place in the death we deserve.
c) provide salvation for everyone who believes in Him as Savior.
d) to give us eternal life.
7. Read Luke 24:46-47. Verse 46 tells us of Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection. Verse 47 tells us why He had to die and rise again. What is the reason that verse 47 gives?
a) That only through his death could the Holy Spirit be with us.
b) Because the Devil needs to be defeated.
c) That in His name the message of redemption and forgiveness of sins must be preached to all nations.
d) Because otherwise the disciples won’t really miss him.
8. Check the correct answer for the following question. According to the Scripture, what is Jesus doing now? He is
a) concerning Himself with other creations.
b) pleading with the Father about our needs.
c) deciding who will have eternal life and who will not.
9. Check the following statements that are TRUE.
a) Jesus will come back to earth again.
b) Some people know when the Second Coming will occur.
c) Before Jesus returns, everyone alive must be a Christian.
d) All those who believe Christ will go to meet Him in the air.
10. Read 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 again. State things that will happen as Jesus gets ready to return.
a) a shout of command.
b) sound of God’s trumpet.
c) Lord comes down.
d) dead in Christ shall rise.
e) living believers shall rise.
f) we’ll meet the Lord in the air.
g) be eternally with the Lord.