Christian statement of faith that is an Ecumenical/Universal Creed.
I believe in one God,
the Father almighty,
maker of heaven and earth,
of all things visible and invisible.
I believe in one Lord Jesus Christ,
the Only Begotten Son of God,
born of the Father before all ages.
God from God, Light from Light,
true God from true God,
begotten, not made, consubstantial with the Father;
through him all things were made.
For us men and for our salvation
he came down from heaven,
and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate of the Virgin Mary,
and became man.
For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate,
he suffered death and was buried,
and rose again on the third day
in accordance with the Scriptures.
He ascended into heaven
and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again in glory
to judge the living and the dead
and his kingdom will have no end.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life,
who proceeds from the Father and the Son,
who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified,
who has spoken through the prophets.
I believe in one, holy, universal and apostolic Church.
I confess one Baptism for the forgiveness of sins
and I look forward to the resurrection of the dead
and the life of the world to come.
What is a Creed?
The word ‘Creed’ is derived from the Latin word credo, meaning ‘I believe’. The Creeds, therefore, are summaries of belief. Particularly in the first few hundred years after the death of Christ, the church faced the problem of differing views over such subjects as whether he was truly God and also whether he had both a human and/or divine nature. Out of these disputes the church formulated statements of belief, which to this day form an important part of how Christians express their faith. We now look at three important creeds that give a summary of Christian belief.
The Apostles Creed
This creed is probably the earliest of the main creeds used in Christianity today. The name derives from the legend that the twelve apostles of Christ contributed to it, though the earliest form dates from c.215. The creed gives a clear summary of Christian belief and formed the basis for later creeds.
The Apostles Creed
I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.
And in Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Ghost; the Universal Church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting.
The Nicene Creed
The Nicene Creed is the most common creed used in Christianity. Later revised at the council of Constantinople in 381, the creed was originally formulated in 325 at the council of Nicea. At the time the church was struggling with the Arian heresy, which denied that Christ was truly God, but rather that he was a created being. The creed was formulated to repudiate Arianism and clearly states that Christ is eternal and part of the trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
In all branches of Christianity, the creed is widely used today. For example, at each Roman Catholic Mass, it is used as a profession of faith.
The Nicene Creed
We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is, seen and unseen.
We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, light from light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father; through him all things were made.
For us and for our salvation he came down from heaven, he became incarnate from the Virgin Mary, and was made man.
For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered death and was buried.
On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end.
We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father [and the Son], who with the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified.
He has spoken through the Prophets.
We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church.
We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.
We look for the resurrection of the dead,
and the life of the world to come. Amen.
The Chalcedonian Creed (Definition)
This creed was formulated at the Council of Chalcedon in 451. The council met to resolve the issue of the ‘natures’ in Christ. The creed states that whilst Christ had two natures (one human, the other divine), they were distinct and Christ was truly one person.
The Chalcedonian Creed (Definition)
Following, then, the holy fathers, we unite in teaching all men to confess the one and only Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. This selfsame one is perfect both in deity and in humanness; this selfsame one is also actually God and actually man, with a rational soul and a body. He is of the same reality as God as far as his deity is concerned and of the same reality as we ourselves as far as his humanness is concerned; thus like us in all respects, sin only excepted. Before time began he was begotten of the Father, in respect of his deity, and now in these “last days,” for us and behalf of our salvation, this selfsame one was born of Mary the virgin, who is God-bearer in respect of his humanness.
We also teach that we apprehend this one and only Christ-Son, Lord, only-begotten in two natures; and we do this without confusing the two natures, without transmuting one nature into the other, without dividing them into two separate categories, without contrasting them according to area or function. The distinctiveness of each nature is not nullified by the union. Instead, the “properties” of each nature are conserved and both natures concur in one “person” and in one reality. They are not divided or cut into two persons, but are together the one and only and only-begotten Word of God, the Lord Jesus Christ. Thus have the prophets of old testified; thus the Lord Jesus Christ himself taught us; thus the Symbol of Fathers has handed down to us.
The Athanasian Creed
Whoever wills to be in a state of salvation, before all things it is necessary that he hold the catholic faith, which except everyone shall have kept whole and undefiled without doubt he will perish eternally.
Now the catholic faith is
that we worship One God in Trinity and Trinity in Unity,
neither confounding the Persons
nor dividing the substance.
For there is one Person of the Father,
another of the Son,
another of the Holy Spirit.
But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, is One,
the Glory equal, the Majesty coeternal.
Such as the Father is, such is the Son, and such is the Holy Spirit;
the Father uncreated,
the Son uncreated,
and the Holy Spirit uncreated;
the father infinite,
the Son infinite,
and the Holy Spirit infinite;
the Father eternal,
the Son eternal,
and the Holy Spirit eternal.
And yet not three eternals
but one eternal,
as also not three infinites, nor three uncreated,
but one uncreated, and one infinite. So,
likewise, the Father is almighty,
the Son almighty,
and the Holy Spirit almighty;
and yet not three
almighties but one almighty.
So the Father is God,
the Son God,
and the Holy Spirit God;
and yet not three Gods
but one God.
So the Father is Lord,
the Son Lord,
and the Holy Spirit Lord;
and yet not three Lords
but one Lord.
For like as we are compelled by Christian truth
to acknowledge every Person by Himself
to be both God and Lord;
so are we forbidden by the catholic religion
to say, there be three Gods or three Lords.
The Father is made of none, neither created nor begotten.
The Son is of the Father alone,
not made nor created but begotten.
The Holy Spirit is of the Father and the Son,
not made nor created nor begotten but proceeding.
So there is one Father not three Fathers,
one Son not three Sons,
and Holy Spirit not three Holy Spirits.
And in this Trinity there is nothing before or after,
nothing greater or less,
but the whole three Persons
are coeternal together and coequal.
So that in all things, as is aforesaid,
the trinity in Unity and the Unity in Trinity is to be worshipped.
He therefore who wills to be in a state of salvation,
let him think thus of the Trinity.
But it is necessary to eternal salvation
that he also believe faithfully the Incarnation
of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The right faith therefore is
that we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the
Son of God,
is God and Man.
He is God of the substance of the Father
begotten before the worlds,
and He is man of the substance of His mother
born in the world;
perfect God, perfect man
subsisting of a reasoning soul and human flesh;
equal to the Father as touching His Godhead,
inferior to the Father as touching His Manhood.
Who although He be God and Man
yet He is not two but one Christ;
not by conversion of the GodHead in the flesh,
but by taking of the Manhood in God;
not by confusion of substance
but by unity of Person.
For as the reasoning soul and flesh is one man,
so God and Man is one Christ.
Who suffered for our salvation,
descended into hell,
rose again from the dead,
ascended into heaven,
sits at the right hand of the Father,
from whence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.
At whose coming all men shall rise again with their bodies
and shall give account for their own works.
And they that have done good shall go into life eternal,
and they who indeed have done evil into eternal fire.
This is the catholic faith,
which except a man shall have believed faithfully and firmly
he cannot be in a state of salvation.