We have just finished John 21 Part 5 and now we will conclude.
The whole of the New Testament can be summed up, or to brought into or contained into a brief and comprehensive statement summarized in these categories:
- The Birth of John the Baptist
- The Birth of Jesus
- The Childhood of Jesus
- John the Baptist Appears
- The Baptism of Jesus
- The Temptation of Jesus
- Jesus Begins His Work
- Jesus Cleanses the Temple
- Jesus Meets Nicodemus
- The Imprisonment of John
- The Sermon on the Mount
- The Twelve are Chosen
- Raising the Widow’s Son
- John’s Inquiry from Prison
- Jesus Calms the Storm
- Jesus Raises Jairus’ Daughter
- The Death of John the Baptist
- Feeding the Multitudes
- The Transfiguration
- Jesus Leaves Galilee
- Jesus Rejected at Samaria
- Jesus Raises Lazarus
- The Mission of the Seventy
- The Feast at Bethany
- The Triumphal Entry
- The Last Supper
- The Betrayal
- The Crucifixion
- The Resurrection
- The Ascension
- The Holy Spirit is Given
- The Church is Established
- The First Persecutions
- Philip at Samaria
- Conversion of Saul
- The First Gentile Converted
- The Church at Antioch
- James Killed by Herod
- Paul’s Conversion
- Paul’s 1st Missionary Journey
- Council at Jerusalem
- Paul’s 2nd Missionary Journey
- Paul’s 3rd Missionary Journey
- Paul’s Arrest at Jerusalem
- Paul at Caesarea
- Paul’s Journey to Rome
- Paul Arrives in Rome
- Paul’s Imprisonment at Rome
- Paul is Acquitted
- Paul Visits Various Places
- Paul’s 2nd Prison at Rome
- The Martyrdom of Paul
- The Destruction of Jerusalem
The Book of John
John 1:14 – And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
John 20:31 – But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
John in The New Testament – A Brief Overview
Outline of the Book of John
Scriptures and Topics Covered:
- The Word of God – Chapter 1:1-51
- His Public Ministry – Chapters 2:1-12:50
- His Private Ministry – Chapters 13:1-17:26
- His Death and Resurrection – Chapters 18:1-20:31
- John’s Conclusion – Chapter 21:1-25
Introduction to The Gospel of John
The book of John is a Gospel that contains Narrative History, Sermons, Parables, and a few Prophetic Oracles. It was written by the Disciple/Apostle John around 85-95 A.D. The key personalities of this book are Jesus Christ, His Twelve Disciples, Mary Magdalene, John the Baptist, Lazarus, his sisters Mary and Martha, Jewish religious leaders, and Pilate.
It was written so that all may believe in Jesus Christ the Son of God who gives eternal life. John’s gospel uses the word “Believe” 98 times and the word “Life” 36 times, in an effort to embed the importance that one must believe in order to live eternally. John is not one of the three synoptic (common view) gospels, but instead was written with a more theological substance, yet equally as inspired and important as the first three gospels.
- Chapter 1 is the preamble of the Messiah’s coming ministry. John gives clear evidence that Jesus is more than just a man, “In the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God, and the Word was God” (1:1). John then describes that the “Word” is Jesus who became a man to “live among us” (1:14). The beginning verses in the first chapter teaches us that Jesus is more than just a man who came into existence but rather, He is infinite God.
- Chapters 2-12 consist of Jesus’ ministry. He meets with a religious leader named Nicodemus and teaches him that no one can enter the Kingdom of Heaven unless they have been personally “Born-Again” (3:3). Several times throughout the book, Jesus claims that He Himself is God, “I am the Father are one” (10:30). Jesus also repeats and applies to Himself, the Jehovian statement, “I AM” as found in Exodus 3:14, for example, when Jesus declares, “I am the resurrection and the life” (11:25), “I am the way the truth and the life” (14:6), “I am the door” (10:9), and “I am the bread of life” (6:35).
- The events in Chapters 13-17 occur less than 24 hours before Jesus’ death. They describe the details of the Last Supper with Jesus and His disciples. Jesus taught many important topics to the Disciples during this time. Some of these were topics about the Kingdom, and about the work of the Holy Spirit that would be sent to them. He also prays for Himself, His disciples, and for all the future believers.
- Chapters 18-21 portray the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. In these final chapters, He is on trial and then convicted illegally. After which He is appallingly beaten, humiliated, and then crucified. Jesus resurrected and arose from the tomb and appeared to Mary Magdalene and to His disciples. When John finishes his gospel, he writes one of the most amazing truths about Jesus Christ,
“And there are many other things which Jesus did, which if they were written in detail, I suppose that even the world itself would not contain the books that would be written” (21:25).
The Word Gospel. The fourth book of the New Testament is the Gospel of John. John is the fourth of the four gospel writings, yet there is only one gospel about Jesus Christ and there are four different writers: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The word “Gospel” means “good news”, and the good news is about Jesus Christ dying on the cross and then 3 days later conquering death and rising from the dead, offering salvation to all mankind, this is the Gospel in a nutshell.
John is the story of Jesus: God who came down to save the world. This book was written by a disciple whom Jesus loved—the Church traditionally attributes it to John.
John is the fourth and last Gospel (an account of Jesus’ life and ministry) in the new Testament. John focuses on the deity of Christ more so than the other four: we see Jesus as the Word of God, the Son of God, and God Himself. Jesus is a great miracle worker, an omniscient teacher, a compassionate provider, and a faithful friend.
John may be the final Gospel, but this narrative begins far, far earlier than the other three. While Mark begins with Jesus’ adult ministry, and Matthew and Luke begin with His physical birth, John opens with the beginning of all creation: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”
Jesus presents Himself as God incarnate throughout the Gospel of John, often using the phrase “I am” (the memorial name of God revealed in Exodus). John records several “I am” statements from Jesus throughout this book:
- “I am the bread of life” (Jn 6:35, 41, 48, 51)
- “I am from [God], and He sent Me” (Jn 7:29)
- “I am the Light of the world” (Jn 8:12; 9:5)
- “I am [God]” (Jn 8:58)
- “I am the door” (Jn 10:7, 9)
- “I am the good shepherd” (Jn 10:11, 14)
- “I am the Son of God” (Jn 10:36)
- “I am the resurrection and the life” (Jn 11:25)
- “I am the way and the truth and the life” (Jn 14:6)
- “I am the vine” (Jn 15:1, 5)
The Gospel of John makes a strong argument for Jesus as the exclusive savior, and the only way to know God (Jn 1:18; 14:6). Jesus is greater than the Jewish heroes Moses and Abraham (Jn 1:17; 8:58); Jesus Christ is God in the flesh, and John challenges us to believe in Him.
Theme verse of John
“Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.” (Jn 20:30–31)
John’s role in the Bible
In addition to this Gospel, the church traditionally associates John with three New Testament letters (First, Second, and Third John) and the prophetic book of Revelation. He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written.
The miracles recorded in John’s gospel are written that the reader would believe in Jesus and find life in His name (Jn 20:30–31). Therefore, much of John’s material directly states who Jesus is, not just what He does or says.
Unlike Luke, John does not aim to chronicle the whole life of Christ—in fact, John doesn’t think the world could contain such a document (Jn 21:25). Instead, John presents a few signs and teachings that should compel us to believe in Jesus.
Prologue (Jn 1)
The “Book of Signs” (Jn 2–12)
(Seven miracles that John uses to show Jesus is the Son of God)
- Turning water to wine (Jn 2)
- Healing the nobleman’s son (Jn 4)
- Healing the sick man at the pool of Bethesda (Jn 5)
- Feeding 5,000 (Jn 6:1–14)
- Walking on water (Jn 6:15–21)
- Healing the blind man (Jn 9)
- Raising Lazarus from the dead (Jn 11)
The Jews reject Jesus, and Jesus withdraws to his disciples (Jn 12)
The “Book of Glory” (Jn 13–20)
(Jesus demonstrates his love for the disciples, and the Father glorifies the Son)
Jesus’ final teachings (Jn 13–16)
Jesus’ high priestly prayer (Jn 17)
Jesus’ betrayal, trial, and death (Jn 18–19)
Jesus’ resurrection (Jn 20)
Epilogue: Jesus feeds seven disciples, reinstates Peter (Jn 21)
Brief Summary. Jesus was Jehovah God, the eternal Word made flesh. He came to His home, Israel, and He was rejected. He came to this world, and the world rejected Him, but anyone who would believe and receive Him would have life through His name and be given authority to call themselves a “son of god.”