The Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth day Holidays Ending Sukkot is called: Hoshana Rabbah, Shemini Atzeret, and Simchat Torah

On Jesus’s timeline, these Holidays would be Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. Sunday is the Lord’s day!
The seventh day of Sukkot is known as Hoshana Rabbah while the eighth day is known as Shemini (or Shmini) Atzeret and the day after that or the ninth day is called Simhat (or Simchat) Torah. Read on and you’ll see what I mean!
On Hoshana Rabbah – Jewish People are Crying Out “Lord Save Us” (Great Salvation)! Hoshana Rabbah is the seventh day of the Jewish holiday of Sukkot.
Shemini Atzeret is the holiday that follows immediately after the seventh day of Sukkot, known as Hoshana Rabbah. Shemini Atzeret is a time when prayers or celebrations for rain and a good harvest are made for the coming year in the Jewish calendar.
The Simchat Torah Blessing on this Special Holiday is the Word that Dwells Among Us on Simchat Torah! Simchat Torah or Simhat Torah is a Jewish holiday that celebrates and marks the conclusion of the annual cycle of public Torah readings, and the beginning of a new cycle.
Chag Sameach (Happy Holidays) from all of us at House of The Nazarene!
“O Lord, save us [hoshia’na]; O Lord, grant us success. Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. From the house of the Lord, we bless you.” (Psalm 118:25–26)
The eight-day festival of Sukkot is almost finished, and since it is a holiday of rejoicing, it closes with three final festive days:
Hoshana Rabbah (Great Salvation), Shemini Atzeret (Eighth Day of Assembly), and Simchat Torah (Joy of the Torah).
Hoshana Rabbah, the seventh day of Sukkot, started last night and as is customary, many stayed up all night reading the entire book of Deuteronomy and the Book of Psalms.
Today, Jewish people all over the world are intensely worshiping the Lord their God, since according to tradition, Hoshana Rabbah is the day on which the judgment that was sealed on Yom Kippur is “delivered.”
For that reason, this day is characterized by prayer, repentance, and praise.
Because this day is the day that judgment is delivered, it is customary to greet one another with Pitka Tova, which means a good note, referring to being sealed in the Book of Life.
In Temple times, on Hoshana Rabbah, the Jewish People cried out “Ana Adonai Hoshia’na,” which means “Save us, Lord!”
This prayer is never uttered in vain: God promises that all who call upon His name will be saved.
“And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved; for on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there will be deliverance, as the Lord has said, among the survivors whom the Lord calls.” (Joel 2:32; see also Romans 10:13)
As the sun sets today, Hoshana Rabbah ends and Shemini Atzeret (Eighth Day of Assembly) begins.
“For seven days present food offerings to the Lord, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present a food offering to the Lord. It is the closing special assembly; do no regular work.” (Leviticus 23:36; see also Numbers 29:36)
Rabbinic tradition teaches that on Shemini Atzeret, the world is judged concerning water, fruit, and produce. On this day, the amount of rainfall for the coming year is decided.
For that reason, on the eighth day that is set aside by God for a closing assembly, the Jewish people recite special prayers for rain.
In ancient times, a special water drawing ceremony was performed every night during Sukkot called Simchat Beit HaShoeva (Rejoicing at the House of the Water-Drawing).
This ceremony is thought to have originated during the Second Temple period when the Cohen HaGadol (High Priest) would draw water from the Pool of Siloam. He then poured it out upon the altar as a Water Libation (offering).
The people would follow the cohen (priest) to the Pool of Siloam in a joyous processional of singing, dancing and rejoicing, reciting Hallel (Praises) from Psalms 113–118 and 120–134, and chanting Isaiah 12:3:
“With joy, you will draw water from the wells of salvation [yeshua].”
Yeshua (Jesus), who understood and answered our heart’s cry for salvation, addressed these themes of salvation and water on the last day of Sukkot when He proclaimed that all who believe in Him will be refreshed with rivers of living water.
“On the last and greatest day of the festival, Yeshua stood and said in a loud voice, ‘Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink. Whoever believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, rivers of living water will flow from within them.'” (John 7:37–38)
The water He was speaking of was the eternal Spirit of God (John 7:39).
Yeshua was poured out like water, as described in the Messianic Psalm 22:14.
It was only after He poured out His soul to death that God poured out the rain of the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) upon the earth (Acts 2:1–4).
Water is a powerful symbol in this hot, dry country of Israel, where it’s easy to become dehydrated if we don’t drink enough water.
Sadly, few realize that they are perishing without the water of the Spirit of God.
These final days of Sukkot are the perfect time to consider Yeshua’s invitation to come to Him when we are weary or full of sorrow and to be refreshed by the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
Now on to Simchat Torah begins Tonight! Rejoice with us
On this festive holiday of Simchat Torah (Joy of the Torah), the Jewish People are displaying their gratitude to God for giving us the great gift of His Word.
If they only knew that the Word they so joyously celebrate is none other than the Messiah Yeshua (Jesus).
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. … and the Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us.” (John 1:1, 14)
Throughout the Tanakh (Old Testament), the Jewish people read that the Word of God in the Torah (first five books of Moses) is everything they need to live a righteous and long life. As it is written:
The Torah (the Word) is the Way
“Teach them the statutes and the laws [torah], and make known to them the way in which they are to walk and the work they are to do.” (Exodus 18:20; see also Psalm 119:1)
The Torah (the Word) is Truth
“Your righteousness is everlasting and your law [torah] is true.” (Psalm 119:142)
The Torah (the Word) is Life
“The teaching [torah] of the wise is a fountain of life, turning a person from the snares of death.” (Proverbs 13:14; see also Deuteronomy 32:47)
The Torah is Yeshua (Jesus)!
“I am the Way and the Truth and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.” (John 14:6)
In fact, whenever Yeshua refers to Himself as “I” we could replace it with “Torah” because they are one, just as Father God and Yeshua are one.
“I [Torah] and the Father are one.” (John 10:30)
Let’s look a little closer at what exactly the Torah is comprised of and how the Jewish People celebrate God’s Righteous Word here in Israel and around the world.
Celebrating the Torah in Israel
At 8 a.m. tomorrow morning, the synagogues in Israel will be packed as they read the last pages of Devarim (Deuteronomy) and the beginning of Bereisheet (Genesis)!
The reading of the yearly Torah cycle had come to an end, and a new one begins. Hallelujah.
The services will last about three hours, as the men and women relish in the Word given to the people by God Himself through Moses — the most treasured Word in the world — the Torah (Five Books of Moses).
In every synagogue throughout the hundreds of towns and cities across Israel, the men will joyfully dance around the bema (see picture below,) proudly holding the sacred Torah Scrolls.
In the synagogue, there are 11 Torah Scrolls, and as the silver crowns are removed from the Holy Parchment Scrolls, they glisten in the sunlight outside. As the Rabbi and cantor sing from Holy Word of God, the whole congregation will gather in one accord singing in Hebrew.
All the men take turns reading from the Torah. And the faces of the children, women, and men beam; rejoicing in the honor of the Holy Book that the One God of Israel entrusted to His Chosen People.
“Oh, how I love Your Torah; It is my meditation all the day. You through Your commandments have made me wiser than my enemies. … Your Word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.” (Psalm 119:97–98, 105)
For the second time in 24 hours they will dance around the Torah Scrolls, and this time, throughout the night.
“Oh, how I love Your Torah; It is my meditation all the day. You through Your commandments have made me wiser than my enemies. … Your Word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.” (Psalm 119:97–98, 105)
On Simchat Torah, ALL of the ornately decorated Torah scrolls are taken out of the Ark in which they are safeguarded, in contrast to Shabbat and regular holidays when only two are removed from the Ark.
In the country where you live, the Jewish People will parade these precious Torah scrolls around their synagogues in circles called “hakafot,” accompanied by joyful singing and dancing.
In many congregations, the celebrations are spilling out of the sanctuary into the street, where participants dance and sing while carrying the scrolls.
Simchat Torah: The Beginning and Ending of the Parasha Cycle
The Jewish People have diligently preserved the Word of God for more than 3,000 years, and Simchat Torah gives jubilant expression to the Jewish People’s love of the Torah.
Besides rejoicing, another central theme to this special day is the completion of the annual cycle of weekly Torah readings.
Tomorrow morning in Israel, the last portion of Deuteronomy 34 will be read.
What is the Torah? This Hebrew word Torah is often translated in English Bibles as “Law;” however, this is a rather poor translation. This serves to remind us that our study of the Torah never ends.
Torah Points in the Right Direction Towards Jesus!
What is the Torah? This Hebrew word Torah is often translated in English Bibles as “Law;” however, this is a rather poor translation.
The word Torah comes from the roots yarah, which means to shoot, aim, or point to, and morah, meaning teacher.
Therefore, the Torah is God’s instruction to His people. These instructions teach us how to live on this earth and point us to eternal life through Yeshua, who as the Word in flesh, perfectly embodied God’s teachings.
The Torah contains all the wisdom and instruction we need to live healthy, happy, successful, prosperous lives.
Be strong and very courageous. Be careful to obey all the instructions [Torah] Moses gave you. Do not deviate from them, turning either to the right or to the left. Then you will be successful in everything you do.
Study this Book of Instruction [Sefer haTorah] continually. Meditate on it day and night so you will be sure to obey everything written in it. Only then will you prosper and succeed in all you do. (Joshua 1:7-8)
The Books of the Torah
The Torah, in its strictest sense, includes the five books of Moses: Genesis (Bereisheet), Exodus (Shemot), Leviticus (Vayikra), Numbers (Bamidbar), and Deuteronomy (Devarim).
However, Yeshua (Jesus) and Paul both quoted from other books of the Bible, including the Psalms and the Prophets, and also called the quotes Torah (law).
For instance, in John 10:34, Yeshua quotes Psalm 82:6 referring to it as the Torah:
“Yeshua answered them, Is it not written in your Law (Torah), I said, You are gods?” (John 10:34)
In 1 Corinthians 14:21, Paul references the prophetic book of Isaiah, calling it the Law:
“In the Law (Torah) it is written: ‘With men of other tongues and other lips I will speak to this people.’” (1 Corinthians 14:21; compare to Isaiah 28:11)
Another word for Torah often used by Jewish people is the Tanakh, which is a Hebrew name for all the books of the Jewish Scriptures.
This word is actually an acronym (T-N-K) for Torah (Five Books of Moses), Nevi’im (Prophets) and Ketuvim (Writings – Psalms, Proverbs, etc).
The word Torah comprises the first three letters of each of these words: T-N-K [Hebrew letters Tav, Nun, Kaf].
Orthodox Jews consider yet another compilation of writings as “Torah.” This is the Talmud, which is comprised of the Mishnah and Gemara, which are rabbinical interpretations and commentaries (oral laws) of the written Torah.
They consider both to be the Torah because they believe that the “written Torah” cannot be understood completely without the interpretation of the “oral Torah.”
Sadly enough, most Orthodox Jews consider the oral law of greater weight and authority than the written Torah and many spend the majority of their time and study in these rabbinical teachings.
Yeshua Fulfilled the Torah
Because Yeshua is the Word (John 1:1), He is the ultimate fulfillment of the Torah (God’s moral guidelines for mankind to live in righteousness).
Some Believers in Yeshua think this means that the Torah is abolished. But Yeshua clearly taught that He did not come to abolish the Torah:

“Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.” Matthew 5:17-19 (KJV)

No, Jesus did not abolish the Torah He fulfilled it! On the cross, Jesus said “it is finished” What did Jesus mean or what was finished?
Jesus addressed more than Mosaic Law commands. He made a statement about the fulfillment of the entire Hebrew Scriptures. Perhaps Jesus includes the prophecies, covenants, messianic predictions, and principles of the entire Old Testament. With Luke 24:44-48 we know that He included prophecies about his death and resurrection.
“And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnesses of these things. Luke 24:44-48 (KJV)
So you see as we and the Jewish People diligently study the Scriptures in the Torah as well as the prophets and other writings, trying to fulfill His teachings on their own, they and we miss the very essence of God’s Word that we so desperately seek to learn and obey.


The Torah scrolls are brought to the bema (platform) on Hoshana Rabbah
The Torah scrolls are brought to the bema (platform) on Hoshana Rabbah, and a processional of worshipers carrying their lulav and etrogs (citrons) circle the sanctuary seven times, reciting prayers called Hoshanot (plural for save us).


Yeshua said, “You study the Scriptures diligently because you think that in them you have eternal life. These are the very Scriptures that testify about me.” (John 5:39)
Almost 99% of the Jewish People and so many around the world still do not recognize Yeshua as the Messiah who is Himself the Torah.
On this Simchat Torah, as we bring Messiah Yeshua (Jesus) hidden in the teachings and prophecies of the Eternal Word of God to not only the Lost Sheep of Israel but of the world, please stand with us.
“The water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” (John 4:14)
So, Chag Sameach (Happy Holidays) from all of us at House of The Nazarene!

3 Replies to “The Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth day Holidays Ending Sukkot is called: Hoshana Rabbah, Shemini Atzeret, and Simchat Torah”

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